Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic-depressive illness or manic depression, is a severe mental health condition known for its extreme mood changes or mood swings. The shift in mood states always affects the energy levels, attitudes, behaviors, and the ability for the person to live a normal life.
The switch in mood swings can cause damaged relationships, affect job or school performance, and even result in suicide. Family and friends and the affected person often become frustrated and upset over how severe the bipolar person’s mood swings can be.
When a bipolar person has lots of energy, it’s called mania, and when their mood crashes, it’s called depression. A person can be diagnosed with one of three types of bipolar disorder (bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, or cyclothymic disorder).
SYMPTOMS OF BIPOLAR DISORDER
1. High energy, reduced need for sleep, and loss of touch with reality for a maniac patient.
2. Low energy, low motivation, and loss of interest in daily activities for a depressive patient.
3. Showing up a very intense emotion which can be extremely high highs and very low lows.
4. According to psychiatrist Aron Tendler, MD, chief medical officer of BrainsWay, People with bipolar disorder experience extreme mood swings that include emotional highs and lows,
“During the emotional highs, individuals have an increase in ideas, energy, creativity, excessive talking, and problematic behaviors.”
TREATMENTS OF BIPOLAR DISORDER
Psychotherapy, or what we know as the talk therapy section, is a vital part of the treatment for patients with bipolar disorder. A good therapist can assist in modifying the emotional patterns that are the cause of the illness. This can bring positive results for people suffering from this illness with a combination of medication and talk therapy.
Having a medication consultation is the person’s choice, but many people who live with this illness can increase the overall functioning of their lives with medication.
Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA), dietary supplements and other alternative treatments advertised to address depression or bipolar disorder has helped as well.
This illness can be managed, and we have to believe in them as loved ones, especially when they may not believe in themselves. Let them know there is more to life and you have more to achieve.