A histrionic personality disorder is one of many “Cluster B” or “dramatic” personality disorders. These illnesses are characterized by solid and unstable emotions and false self-images.
They have a solid need to be recognized and will frequently act out in dramatic or inappropriate ways to achieve it. Self-esteem in individuals with a histrionic personality disorder is based on the approval of others rather than a genuine sense of self-worth. The term “histrionic” refers to “dramatic or theatrical.”
What Is the Cause of Histrionic Personality Disorder?
Although the precise origin of histrionic personality disorder is unknown, many mental health experts think that both acquired and genetic elements contribute to its emergence. For example, the propensity for a histrionic personality disorder to occur in families indicates that the condition may be hereditary. The kid of a parent with this condition, on the other hand, may just be replicating taught behavior.
Other environmental factors that may be at play include a lack of criticism or punishment as a child, positive reinforcement that is only given when a child completes certain approved behaviors, and unpredictable attention given to a child by their parent(s), all of which can lead to confusion about what types of behavior earn parental approval.
Personality disorders are also often associated with individual temperament, psychological patterns, and the ways individuals learn to deal with stress as they grow up.
If symptoms of this personality disorder are evident, the doctor will conduct a thorough medical and mental history. If physical symptoms are present, a physical exam and laboratory testing (such as neuroimaging studies or blood tests) may be suggested to ensure that a medical disease is not causing any symptoms.
Suppose the doctor cannot discover a medical cause for the symptoms. In that case, they may send the patient to a psychiatrist, psychologist, or other certified mental health professional, who may utilize specifically developed interview and assessment instruments to examine the patient for a personality disorder.
People with histrionic personality disorder have excellent social skills in many instances; nevertheless, they prefer to utilize these abilities to manipulate others to focus on attention.
People suffering from a histrionic personality disorder may:
Exaggerate symptoms of weakness or sickness and may use suicide threats to influence people
Excessive yet superficial emotions and attention-seeking actions (i.e., they are continuously “acting” to get attention)
They have temporary emotions, attitudes, and beliefs; they are also highly suggestible and react quickly to fads.
Need people to see their emotional outbursts to obtain approval or attention
Use sexually provocative conduct to exert control over others or to attract attention.
What Is the Treatment for Histrionic Personality Disorder?
People with histrionic personality disorder, on the whole, do not think they need treatment. They may seek assistance, though, if depression, perhaps due to a loss or a broken relationship, or another issue caused by their activities, causes them pain. They also tend to exaggerate their emotions and hate regularity, making it challenging to stick to a treatment plan.
Psychotherapy (a kind of counseling) is the most often used treatment for histrionic personality disorder. Therapy aims to assist the client in uncovering the motives and anxieties connected with their thoughts and actions and assist the individual in learning to interact with others more positively.
Medication is also used to address other diseases that may coexist with this disorder, such as sadness and anxiety.
A histrionic personality disorder may impact a person’s social, professional, and romantic relationships and how they deal with losses or failures. People with this condition are also more likely to suffer from depression than the general population.
Many individuals with this condition can function effectively in social and occupational settings. Those with severe instances, on the other hand, may have considerable difficulties in their everyday life.
Although there is no way to avoid histrionic personality disorder, therapy may help those prone to it develop more constructive methods of coping with circumstances.