Homelessness, a grave violation of human dignity, has become a global problem.

According to national statistics, more than 150 million people, or around 2% of the world’s population, are homeless. However, more than 1.6 billion people, or approximately 20% of the world’s population, could be living without adequate accommodation.

Homelessness distresses people of all ages, races, and backgrounds in both developed and developing countries. Several homeless people ignore officials due to embarrassment or fear of arrest and abuse, making the given statistics highly tentative.

Have you ever wondered why the number of homeless people keeps increasing at an alarming rate?

What causes homelessness?

Homelessness is the cause and effect of various other issues, including persistent drug abuse, financial instability, mental disorder, domestic violence, etc. This issue requires immediate global attention.

You know what? People are not homeless by choice. Mainly, a person reaches this point after struggling with a series of complex circumstances, choices, and traumas.

Poverty is the root cause of homelessness on a global scale. Poor people often lack the financial resources to pay for accommodation, food, childcare, health care, and schooling. When limited resources only cover some of these necessities, difficult decisions must be made.

High housing prices are a worldwide concern. According to a global study, 90% of housing rents are unaffordable for a median income person. People are left with limited options due to high housing rates. Finding affordable houses near a workplace or in safe areas becomes more challenging.

Domestic abuse impacts women and children. When a woman manages to escape an abuser, she only takes her children with her. She often has to entirely change her life, leaving her work or education, cutting relations with family and friends, and leaving the society on which she has relied. Almost 25% of homeless females have fled from domestic abuse.

Family disputes often lead to homelessness. It is predominantly essential for people who identify as transgender. Coming out is dangerous for them. Families mostly kick the person out or make their homes a terrible place to live. Every year, 1.6 million young LGBTQ+ people become homeless. This community is at a higher risk of being homeless at a younger age.

Stagnant wages and unemployment is the ultimate cause of homelessness. Low salaries keep people trapped in poverty worldwide and leave them more susceptible to homelessness. According to research, most homeless people wish to work but face a lack of a permanent address.

What problems do homeless people face?

Being homeless is a curse in the present society. Do you know why? Homeless people get deprived of fundamental human rights and face problems to enjoy the basic necessities of life like having access to sanitary conditions or clean water for drinking purposes.

Why don’t homeless people go to shelters? It’s because all homeless shelters are usually unequipped and heavily trafficked. For this reason, homeless people choose to sleep under the open sky in parks, streets, or sometimes locations that are not even meant for human habitation. 

Homeless people are often criminalized and are subjected to barbaric, inhumane, and humiliating treatment by public or private sectors.

They face unlawful imprisonment, forced stigmatization, deportation, and whatnot! Other interventions in their freedom of movement, denial of health insurance or other public facilities, add to their struggles.

What are the effects of homelessness?

Homeless people go through many emotional disturbances and suffer psychologically. Everyone’s judgments make them lose their personality. They suffer from:

Loss of self-esteem

Increase in drug abuse

Loss of ability to care for oneself

Greater risk of abuse and violence

Increased chance of going into the criminal justice system

Have you ever thought about the health problems in their lives? Their wellbeing often deteriorates due to a lack of care from doctors, mothers, spouses, and family members. They frequently suffer from several diseases, including:

Skin diseases

Drug dependency

Nutritional deficiencies

Mental Illness

Physical and sexual assault

It’s hard even to imagine being homeless for one day. There is an ominous need to aid homeless people with housing and health care facilities to lessen their struggles.

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