s revealed by a certain US research group, Delhi residents may have their lifespan reduced by almost 10 years due to polluted air. The University of Chicago’s Energy Policy Institute (EPIC) has stated that the current Air Quality Life Index indicates that over 500 million Natives residing around North India are at risk of having their lives reduced by 7.6 years.
Statistics estimate millions of people die every year in India due to air contamination in the winter months, which has been associated with high levels of PM2.5. PM2.5 are small particles that account for the major of diseases due to their ability to clog the lungs.
Information contained in the paper also mentioned that those living in India have been impacted by industrialization, economic development, and high fossil fuels.
Scientists observe that if the trend is reversed by ensuring that pollution levels are kept within WHO’s (World Health Organization) standards of 5µg/m³, then an estimated 240 million people in Uttar Pradesh should have their life expectancy increased by 10 years.
The EPIC says that India, since 2003, has accounted for over 40% of the world’s pollution, which, according to experts, places India in the top position among the most polluted nations on the globe. China came in second with 2.1 million deaths due to pollution. And both India and China, lower and middle-income countries, were impacted the most.
Michael Greenstone, who contributed to the findings in the report, noted, “It would be a global emergency if Martians came to Earth and sprayed a substance that caused the average person on the planet to lose more than two years of life expectancy.” He added, “This is similar to that situation that prevails in many parts of the world, except we are spraying the substance, not some invaders from outer space.”
The contents of the report stated that smog has increased by 61.4% since 1998, and many experts believe this situation has deadlier outcomes than smoking. The report also suggested the government is making sincere efforts to combat air pollution, as NCAP (National Clean Air Programme) intends to reduce the availability of harmful particles in the air by at least 20%.
In 2019, reports say there were more than 2.3 million premature deaths due to smog in India. It was also noted that dirty water took the lives of more than 500,000 in India.